Animation is the process whereby a series of gradually changing drawings or objects are photographed on to film frame by frame and then projected to create an Illusion of movement. In 1825 John Ayrton Paris, president of the Royal College of Physicians in London, drew a parrot on one half of a disc and a cage on the other half. He attached a string through the centre and when the disc was spun rapidly the parrot appeared to be inside the cage. From this simple invention, named the Thaumatrope, came other illusionary devices which eventually lead to the birth of the motion picture industry.
Tim Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an American film director, film producer, writer and artist. He is famous for dark, quirky-themed movies such as Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Ed Wood, Sleepy Hollow, Corpse Bride and Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, and for blockbusters such as Pee-wee’s Big Adventure, Batman, Batman Returns, Planet of the Apes, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Alice in Wonderland. Since he graduated from CalArts in 1979, he was create a short films which we will present here. He worked as an animator, storyboard artist and concept artist in numerous short films.
Peter Greenaway – Intervals (1969)
This early work of the brilliant director Peter Greenaway is a lovely gem of editing. It has a kind of mezmerizing quality, which you’ll notice as you listen to the sound intervals and Italian alphabet against the shots of Venice street life.