Category Archives: Metal
Wirework is an ancient art form, probably first practised by the Egyptians around 3000BC. Early examples have been discovered in the burial chambers of important people throughout the ancient world. In 2600BC, wire was used in gold and silver ribbons for entwining in the hair of courtly ladies in the Sumerian city of Ur. The art of wirework spread in various forms from Babylon to Baghdad, Damascus and Constantinople before finally reaching Europe.
Take a look at these magical sculptures by Italian artist Benedetta Mori Ubaldini! Having trained as a picture restorer and conservator, she realized she was not satisfied in terms of creativity. In 1994, she decided to study the fine arts and she has enrolled at Middlesex University in London.
Filigree is a elegant piece of jewellery metalwork made with twisted threads (gold and silver usually) or combining of the same curving motifs. It looks like the lace made of metal, and in recent centuries remains popular in Indian and other Asian metalwork, and French from 17th to the late 19th century. It should not be confused with ajoure jewellery work; filigree is made of threads being soldered together to form an object and ajoure involves holes being punched, drilled, or cut through an existing piece of metal.
Enamel was first applied commercially to sheet iron and steel in Austria and Germany in about 1850. Industrialization increased as the purity of raw materials increased and costs decreased. The wet application process started with the discovery of the use of clay to suspend frit in water. Developments that followed during the twentieth century include enameling-grade steel, cleaned-only surface preparation, automation, and ongoing improvements in efficiency, performance, and quality.